Timber Pallets ISPM15 Standard

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ISPM 15 Export Pallets

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What is ISPM 15?

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ISPM 15 is the International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures Publication No. 15: Guidelines for Regulating Wood Packaging Material in International Trade.


Why was ISPM developed
?

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ISPM 15 was developed to address the global spread of timber pests by regulating the movement of timber packing and dunnage in international trade. ISPM 15 describes phytosanitary measures to reduce the risk of introduction and/or spread of quarantine pests associated with solid timber packing material (including dunnage).

Who developed and endorsed ISPM 15?

The United Nations Food & Agriculture Organisation (FAO) addresses plant quarantine through the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC). The PIIC is an international treaty administered by the FAO and implemented through the cooperation of member governments. Australia is a member or contracting party to the treaty.

As with all other ISPMs, the Secretariat to the IPPC coordinated the development and preparation of ISPM 15 over a period of time through an agreed and defined process of draft development and country consultation. ISPMs are recognised as the basis for phytosanitary measures applied by members of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) under the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (the SPS Agreement). Australia has been a WTO member since 1995.

What are timber packaging and dunnage ?

Packaging is used to support, protect or carry a commodity. Packaging includes dunnage, pallets, crating, packaging blocks, cases, load broads, pallet collars and skids. Packaging can be constructed of any number of materials including timber (or wood). Dunnage is used to secure or support a commodity but does not remain associated with the commodity.

What wood packaging material does ISPM 15 apply to ?
 

ISPM 15 applies to coniferous (softwood) and non-coniferous (hardwood) raw wood packaging.

Why does AQIS require imported timber packaging (included dunnage) to be free of bark ?

Bark has the potential to contain numerous pathogens of quarantine concern. It also acts as a shelter site for insect pests and encourages post-treatment infestation by both insect and pathogen pests. The presence of bark also hampers inspection procedures and may reduce the effectiveness of methyl bromide fumigation.
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